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Green packaging paperboard resources and methods to achieve appropriate packaging

while the rapidly developing packaging industry promotes the steady and healthy development of the national economy, a series of environmental problems have also been caused due to excessive packaging and packaging waste, mainly in the following aspects:

1 Consumption of natural resources. Packaging products need to consume a lot of raw materials in the production process, and processing these raw materials into final packaging products will consume a lot of energy. In daily life, the packaging of goods is usually one-off. After the consumption process of goods is completed, the packaging will be discarded as waste, which not only increases the prospect of low-density plastic film recycling, but also increases the amount of garbage, but also a great waste of resources. Packaging products, especially plastic and chemical composite products, are not easy to recycle and degrade after being discarded, and the consumption of resources and energy is more serious

2. Environmental impact of packaging waste. Packaging materials are widely used. The impact of packaging waste on environmental pollution is mainly the potential harm of scattered waste plastic products, including occupying space and land, destroying soil structure, causing poor measurement accuracy of farming, reducing production, being swallowed by animals, causing death, increasing the working intensity and pressure of environmental sanitation departments, etc. at the same time, the waste floating in rivers affects water conservancy and power generation and industrial and civil water diversion, causing water pump blockage A series of problems, such as difficulty in getting water. The second is the visual pollution of packaging waste, that is, the harmful stimulation of waste plastic products scattered in the environment to people's vision

in addition, chlorofluorocarbons used in the production process of packaging materials lead to the reduction of ozone; Paper packaging products, etc. discharge toxic and harmful substances in the production process, which also causes a considerable degree of pollution to water, atmosphere and soil

3. Disposal and management of packaging waste. At present, the annual production of solid waste in China has exceeded 10 tons, and the production of packaging waste accounts for 2% - 3%, but packaging waste constitutes about 30% of household waste in volume. Packaging waste aggravates waste pollution, which increases the treatment load of waste treatment facilities that are originally very insufficient in capacity. In particular, those packaging wastes that need to be degraded have been lost to the environment with garbage due to the lack of effective harmless treatment, which has caused serious white pollution. Therefore, the generation, treatment and management of packaging waste has become a very sensitive and politically significant environmental issue

methods to realize appropriate packaging:

legislation restricts excessive packaging

in order to solve the problem of excessive packaging, the revised draft of the law on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste considered at the 12th meeting of the Standing Committee of the Tenth National People's Congress stipulates, on the one hand, the mandatory collection system for some packaging; On the other hand, in view of the fact that China has not yet imposed restrictions on excessive packaging, and its market competitiveness will also be further improved, it is stipulated that the Standardization Administration Department of the State Council should organize the formulation of relevant standards to limit excessive packaging according to the national economic and technical conditions, the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste, and the technical requirements of products

according to the provisions of the draft, the economic and trade administrative department of the State Council will formulate a catalogue of products and packages that are compulsorily recycled and specific recycling methods. Enterprises that produce, sell and import products and packaging materials listed in the catalogue must recycle and dispose of them according to regulations, or entrust relevant units to recycle or dispose of them

learn from foreign over packaging control means

at present, foreign countries mainly implement three control means for over packaging: the first is standard control, that is, set restrictions on the volume of packaging, the gap between packaging and goods, the number of packaging layers, and the ratio of packaging cost to commodity value; The second is to control economic means, such as levying packaging tax on non paper packaging and packaging that cannot meet the recycling requirements, or guiding consumers to choose simple packaging through waste measurement and charging; The third is to increase the number of producers, which stipulates that commodity producers are responsible for recycling commodity packaging. Usually, a deposit system can be used to entrust relevant commercial institutions to recycle packaging. In order to facilitate recycling, producers will actively choose packaging designs that use less materials and are easy to recycle. We can learn from these successful experiences and means abroad

function reflects moderate packaging

packaging has seven functions: protecting goods, beautifying goods, saving costs, facilitating storage and transportation, facilitating measurement, guiding consumption, and improving added value. However, not all commodities need to be packaged to perform all functions. In use, some of the main functions are usually performed according to needs. Moderate packaging is to seek the role, benefits and packaging costs of packaging should be basically coordinated and balanced

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